How to Make Simple 6V Emergency Light For Home

by Aromal Karuvath on

Make Emergency Light today. It’s easy, complete,  powerful, and long Lasting. Today, I am here to give a complete tutorial on ‘how to make a simple 6v emergency light‘ using a compact fluorescent lamp. This lighting device can be easily equipped with a solar panel, then it can be termed as Solar powered emergency light. You can make this device automatic by using a Light Detecting Resister.

Make Emergency Light

Make Emergency Light

 

 

Parts you need to make an emergency light

1. Rechargeable battery 6V,5A

Rechargeable batteries are used to store electric energy. There are different types of batteries having different capacities. Buy a new sulfuric acid-lead battery having 6V and 5 Ampere capacity. It costs around 5$. 
2. Inverter board or Emergency board 6V
The main part of the emergency lamp. Buy a new 6v inverter board or emergency circuit board. There would be two points on the PCB to attach an external transformer. otherwise, you may have to buy an adapter 7.5 V 500 mA. There are other 6 wires on the inverter board for battery,CFL,switch.

Recommending to read: Mini Wind Turbine -Complete DIY Guide

3. Step down Transformer 9 volt 500mA/ adapter 7.5 volt 500 mA

Some inverter boards may have the facility to attach a transformer. The Transformer is used to step down the AC voltage. There is a  rectifier circuit on the board, which converts alternating current to direct current. Transformer costs around 1$. Some boards may not contain a rectifier circuit or facility to attach a transformer, you need to buy a ac adapter 7.5 V 500mA to charge the battery or You can simply build a rectifier circuit using transformer and diodes.

You may enjoy this: Simple Battery Charger- How to Make Guide

4. Compact fluorescent lamp 11w

Buy a new 11 W CFL. It costs around 1$.
 


5. Switch,2pin wire, connecting wire,plastic box


Costs around 1$
 

The main part of this project is the inverter board. It costs around 1$. There would be six leads. Which component you want to connect, and which polarity and everything would be printed on most of the circuit board. 

2-battery
2-CFL
2-switch

Connect those components properly using a soldering iron as shown in the figure. Proper connection makes an electronic equipment long lasting. Then place those components in a plastic box to make it compact.

Total cost=9$
 
Connection procedure

1. Connect the transformer to the inverter board.
2. Connect switch,2 pin wire to transformer input,CFL etc
3. Connect the battery

Tips and warming

1. Connections must be properly soldered. Proper connections makes electronic devices long lasting.

2. Do not touch the output wires for CFL, because there may be several hundred volts.

3. M
ake sure positive wire is connected to the positive terminal of the battery when connecting inverter board to battery.

4. Initially, Charge the battery for 5-6 hours for better performance.

5. Enclose all the components in a box and place it where children can’t reach


6. Bare connections must be insulated to avoid short circuits
How to Make Emergency Light Video

 

 UPDATE:

How to Make Automatic LED Emergency Light

 Make emergency light, make simple emergency light, diy emergency circuit, cfl emergency light.
We have discussed “how to make a simple emergency light using CFL at your home”. After publishing that post we realized the amount of potential visitors is very large. We conducted an analysis of the traffic sources and keywords to the article and concluded that most of the people need emergency lights working on light emitting diodes other than compact fluorescent lamps. I think this is because of the high energy efficiency of LEDs. Some people searched for solar powered emergency light.

 

 
Here I am going to share a simple emergency light circuit using LED. The 6v battery can be charged by either solar panels or rectifier circuits. This device is based on an LDR (Light Detecting Resistors). An LDR can detect any changes in the intensity of light. In previous emergency circuit, there is a direct method to detect the power failure. Here, an LDR is used to detect the power failure. This automatic emergency circuit will trigger an Series of LED’s when there is a darkness in a room. The LDR will conduct electricity only when there is light in the room. This is the working principle of LDR based automatic Emergency lights.

Things you should have to build an Automatic Emergency light using LED

  •      Battery – 6v – 1
  •      R1,R2 resistor – 10k – 2
  •      R3 resistor – 1K – 10
  •      T1 transistor – BD140 – 1
  •      T2 transistor – BD139 – 1
  •      VR variable resistor – 50K – 1
  •       LDR -1

Devices and other equipments

  •    Soldering iron
  •    Box to enclose the emergency
  •    Copper wire

Circuit of a Automatic Simple Emergency Light Using LED and LDR

 
                   Recommending to read: How to make Small Wind Turbine -Complete DIY Guide

How does it work?

An LDR is made in a way that it only conducts electricity if there is enough light in the room. The resistance offered by the LDR against  the flow of current is inversely proportional to the intensity of light falls on it. So if there is enough light in a room LDR will continue to conduct current and provides high current to the base of  transistor T1. (so T1 is off). Since the base is grounded transistor T2 is also off. If there is a sudden power failure in the room LDR will stop conducting current. At this time transistor T1 becomes forward biased and provides base current to transistor T2. It then turns ON and allows current to flow through the LED.

How to charge the Battery?

How to make a charger for 6v Lead acid battery? Connect the positive terminal of the charger output to the positive pin of the battery. Then connect negative terminal to the negative terminal of the battery.

How to turn this Emergency light into Solar powered Emergency light!

Recommending to read: How to Make Solar Mobile Charger

Solar Panel
Solar panel
If you are living in an area that not connected to the grid this Solar emergency light can provide enough light for your home. Just buy a 7.5 volt solar panel from the store and connect to the battery. It does not need any separate charger circuit. That’s it. Solar powered
automatic emergency light. Enjoy!!
 
If any one of your friends is from a region where there is no power supply or lacks continuous power supply, you should suggest this device to your friend. Solar powered emergency light is similar to the ordinary one. But it has a solar panel to capture solar power and convert it and recharge the battery.

Written by: Aromal Karuvath

Hi, Making energy-related projects is my passion. I Hope you have enjoyed this project. I Need your help. You can suggest project ideas through commenting areas of any project. If it is simple and interesting we will credit you in that project guide.

40 Comments

Vivek Verma

Modify the current version with new implementation like
1.Touch dimmer circuit,
2.Battery over charging protection,
3.60 LED's setup,
4.Battery low indicator with buzzer.
Sir,please consider my suggestion and upload the circuit for the same.

Reply
Vivek Verma

Modify the current version with new implementation like
1.Touch dimmer circuit,
2.Battery over charging protection,
3.60 LED's setup,
4.Battery low indicator with buzzer.
Sir,please consider my suggestion and upload the circuit for the same.

Reply
Vivek Verma

Want to make a fully automatic emergency light using 50 LED's in order to obtain more brightnes, so please upload the circuit description for the same.

Reply
Vivek Verma

Want to make a fully automatic emergency light using 50 LED's in order to obtain more brightnes, so please upload the circuit description for the same.

Reply
Anonymous

My friend I have rechargeable light that use FA-886 PCB. Made china company "Premier". Recently I found that wired become old and disconnect with pcb. Now I don't how to solder it again. I got 6v 4.5Ah rechargeable batter and 230v to 6v step down transformer. This all on the above number PCB.

Reply
faridi

Dear Aromal,
Can u plz help me in circuit of inverter, i have circuit diagram of inverter but in this circuit they can't show connection of main supply, so plz solve my problem,

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

I think you aint talking about automatic switches. Currently there is a switch on the board to switch (on/off) emergency light. But if you are talking about automatic switches, it's not available in this inverter board. But there are,,, thank you..

Reply
Anonymous

Dear Aromal,
How long will the 11 watt CFL and 5 watt CFL lasts if using 6v 5Ah battery ?
Does the inverter board has provision to switch of the power supply to CFL if the battery is discharged or becomes less in power?
Regards.

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

Dear solomon, can you describe what type of project you want? Even I am helpless to send you a large full write Up (usually 50 pages), absolutely I can help you. Let me know more about your situation, type of project, cost etc. Thank you….

Reply
solomon ifionu

I want to first of all commend u on this update. Please i need ur help on this project. I'm still a novice. Can i get a full project with the write up. Both how to do the construction and layout. Thanks

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

My anonymous friend, a 5 watt cfl lasts more than a 11 watt one. I suggested my friends to use 5 watt cfl instead of 11 watt. Buy a high quality 5 or 6 watt one to get maximum advantage.

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

Thank you james. You can find more stuffs related here in future. So keep updated with Energy-Physics. If you are interested in Energy security and sustainability consider subscribe to newsletter.

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

Dear friend, this emergency light circuit has two parts. One rectifies circuit to charge the battery and another mini inverter circuit for creating higher voltage for the CFL. I personally suggest you to avoid CFLs and replace it with LEDs.

Long life
large operating time
efficient

Here I have a link for you "circuit diagram of a automatic LED emergency light" http://www.circuitstoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/led-emergency.jpg
I hope it will help you. Dont forget to comment your opinion!

Reply
sunny

Could you please advise where to buy Inverter board or Emergency board 6V

Reply
girlish mahajan

Hello , I am thinking of crafting this for my household , your video was not very clear , can you send me the diagram and also a website that can sell these parts to me in Maharashtra. My family used this type of lamps in my childhood
.thanks

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

Thank you for your comment. I made this almost 4 years ago, and now we are in LED era as you know. CFL lamps are becoming history. Then I suggest you, to build an LED emergency light. I have just completed the video of how to make an LED emergency light. I will post that project with complete circuit diagram and video tomorrow or the day after. Subscribe to our newsletter to get the update once we published it. thanks

Reply
How to Make Simple 6v Automatic Emergency Light - New Physicist

[…] We have discussed “how to make a simple emergency light using CFL at your home”. After publishing that post we realized the amount of potential visitors is very large. We conducted an analysis of the traffic sources and keywords to the article and concluded that most of the people need emergency lights working on light emitting diodes other than compact fluorescent lamps. I think this is because of the high energy efficiency of LEDs. Some people searched for solar powered emergency light.                  Recommending to read: How to Make Simple 6V Emergency Light For Home […]

Reply
N K RENJINI

Hai, aromal,i have a LED Rechareable lamp .but one of the holder pin was broken.Can you suggest me a solution for working the lamp

Reply
Aromal Karuvath

Thank you for your comment. Can I know what type of LED bulb are you using? Is it a wall type or table top type? I think you are talking about two side pins that hold bulb on the holder? Am I right? It is possible to fix it using a soldering Iron. But It’s better to buy a new one. I recommend the 2nd option..

Reply
Akhilesh

dear sir
please help me i am in urgent need of your advice.
i tried this emergency light project by doing all the connections exactly as u have given, but still it does not
work at all.i dont understand why, but what so ever i need to submit this by next monday so please help and tell me what changes should i do???!!!

Reply

Tell me more about your Project!!