Artificial Photosynthesis seeks to replicate the natural process of photosynthesis. The goal is to make fuel from solar energy, but scaled up to meet the energy demands of a modern technologically driven society.
Artificial photosynthesis, which mimics the nature photosynthesis process to store solar energy into energy-rich chemical fuels, is considered as a promising method for providing a carbon-neutral, renewable, and scalable source of energy. Despite a variety of materials and designs have been explored over the past four decades, a viable artificial photosynthetic system for large-scale practical application has yet to be developed.
While plants accomplish their tasks using chlorophyll to capture the needed sunlight, proteins, and enzymes that are then converted to energy, the challenge of artificial photosynthesis is in trying to oxidize water to oxygen to jump start the physical process that produces the desired chemical reaction. As such, research has concentrated on developing a catalyst to accomplish this goal, and the past decade has witnessed some promising developments in the field.