How to Make Your Own Solar Panel Or Solar Cell at home?

by Aromal Karuvath on

How to make a simple DIY solar Panel or cells Project for kids? Here in this post, you can learn two simple methods to make an experimental solar cell, for the purpose of impressing your kids. Or you can use this cell as a photodetector. Solar cell manufacturing is a very expensive process, that’s why even a small solar installation costs around $1500-$2000. However, you can make a simple solar cell by following some simple instructions as listed below. A solar cell is made up of a semiconductor. They are used to convert the energy from the world’s largest renewable energy source, the Sun! Solar radiations carry an enormous amount of energy. It is possible to harness energy from sunlight by using solar cells or solar panels. There are similar devices used to harness other forms of energy from the sun. Solar heaters and parabolic concentrators are used to harness infrared radiations from the sun. A solar cell actually converts the energy of a photon to electricity. Here we are going to make a simple solar cell by using easily available materials. Let’s make diy solar panel project.
 

Method-1 DIY solar Panel at home by using Cuprous Oxide

Solar Panel

Jeda Villa Bali Solar by Bart Speelman, on Flickr

 
In the first method, we use a copper plate to construct a DIY solar Panel
other than silicon-based semiconductors. Materials needed,
 
1. Copper plate
2. Burner
3. Alligator clips
4. Copper wires
5. Bottle or jar
6. Saltwater
7. Multimeter
 
Steps
 

1. Take a square sheet of copper about 5-8 inch width.
 
2. Wash your hands thoroughly and dry them.
 
3. Remove all the foreign particles from the copper sheet (example:grease)
 
4. Remove the top oxide layer by using sand paper or emery cloth from both sides.
 
5. Now you have a copper sheet with bright and shiny red sides.
 
6. Now we have to create a cuprous oxide layer on the copper plate.
 
7. Place the plate directly over the burner (highest settings)
 
8. Wait until a thick black layer of “cupric oxide” to form on the
top surface. It may take up to 30-50 mins.
 
9. After the heat treatment remove the black layer of cupric oxide
from the copper plate. Usually, it will flake off if you allowed the
plate to cool naturally. Due to the difference in cooling rates of
cupric oxide and copper, it will be very easy to remove the top black
layer.
 
Recommending to read: DIY Stirling engine
9. Under the black layer of cupric oxide, you will find another layer
of cuprous oxide which is photosensitive.
 
10. Cut another piece of copper sheet and bend both pieces gently.
Arrange those both pieces in a bottle or jar without touching one
another. When arranging the plates be careful to place the cuprous
oxide layer face outwards in the jar.
 
11. Attach two alligator clip leads to both the copper plates.
 
12. Connect the lead from cuprous oxide to negative terminal of the
meter and copper plate to positive terminal.
 
13. Then carefully pour a little salt water into the jar by leaving an
inch of the plate above the salt water.
 
You are done! A simple solar cell is ready. The meter will read up to 50 microamps in the sunshine.
Recommending to read: How to Make Solar Mobile Charger
 

Method-2 Make a Solar cell Using Transistors

 
Now we are going to learn “how to make a silicon solar cell” using
transistors. We know that a solar cell is a P-N junction semiconductor. It is possible to build such a solar cell using
transistors. It’s easy to cut open a power transistor like the 2N3055 to expose the NPN silicon material inside to make a solar cell. When exposed to sunlight, or household lights, it conducts electricity. The N-type and P-type materials work like a solar cell.
 
1. Buy power transistors from electronic shop
 
2. Break the body of the transistor and remove the silicon plate
    without damaging the leads.
 
3. Yes! it will work as a solar cell.
 
4. Connect the similar leads of two or more transistors.
 
5. Check the output of the solar cell using a multimeter in bright sunlight.
 
Remember that both the solar cells cannot harness energy from the
sunlight to turn on even an LED. These solar cells cannot be used to generate much more electricity. But can be used as a photo-detector for school experiments.

Written by: Aromal Karuvath

Hi, I'm Aromal. I love creating powerful projects and shoot videos. Professionally I'm a YouTuber. Here I write about my purpose-driven, passion-driven life. I love physics and explaining physics behind things. You can find my thoughts on motivation, life purpose, green power, learning English, climate change and science projects. My Life Motto: Do What You Love to Do. Focus and follow your passion. Success will follow..

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